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Kalam is a valley located 99 kilometers (62 mi) from Mingora in the northern upper section of Swat valley along the bank of Swat River in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan. The Swat River was formed as a result of the confluence of two major tributaries of the Ushu river and Gabral river.
Perhaps the most well-known treasure of a site to visit in Swat is Kalam Valley. Kalam is home to stunning lakes, rising mountains, scenic valleys, lush green woodlands, and other natural wonders. These natural features make Kalam the most attractive spot on everyone's bucket list when they visit Swat. The valley provides every convenience for adventure seekers and nature lovers, yet exploring the valley's approximately 50 glacial lakes necessitates trekking through narrow bends and high cliffs. However, on the north side of the valley, Ushu Forest is a fantastic tourist destination.
The most well-known and prominent tribes in Kalam are the Suri, Lodi, Durrani, Hotaki, and Barakazi. Kalam's residents are warm, friendly, and hardworking. Males typically wear a 'Partoog-Korteh' (Urdu: Shalwar Qameez) with a 'pakul' (Hat). Young men wear a cap or white kufis. A 'karakul hat' is worn by tribal chiefs and leaders. Among the most popular meals are serge, tikka, super long naans, sugi ka halwa, chapli kabab, kawa, and kabala palao.
The Kalam Festival is an annual cultural and recreational event that aims to highlight the province's culture, architecture, and tourism potential in order to attract foreign and domestic travelers to the beautiful valley. The Kalam Cultural Festival celebrates the culture of the Simbai people of Madang Province, one of Papua New Guinea's most unique ethnic groupings. The Kalam Cultural Festival, now in its 12th year, is an annual festival that features traditional dancing, feasting, art, and ritual displays that run for three (3) days.
Tappa is the most well-known and oldest type of poetry in Kalam. Although the first verse is shorter than the second, it represents all human emotions. A schoolboy and hujrahs are also popular among the people. It's the only song that's sung throughout funerals and weddings. Traditional musical instruments such as the 'mangai' and 'rubab' are used to sing the song. It is sung with a full orchestra and has up to sixteen different harmony models.