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Larkana is a city located in the Sindh province of Pakistan. It is called the city of "Holy Alams" (Shia Muslims' religious flag) due to the greatest number of Holy Alams as compared to other cities or regions of the world. It is the 15th largest city in Pakistan by population. It is home to the Indus Valley Civilization site Mohenjo-Daro. The historic Indus River flows in the south of the city.
The guava fruit is famous in Larkana, Larkana and Ratodero are famous for an abundance of guava orchards. Larkana is surrounded by rich soil that produces a variety of crops, vegetables, and fruits, such as guava, mattar, maize, rice, sugarcane, and mustard. There are four main festivals that are held in Larkana annually. One in memory of Mian Ghulam Siddique at Shahdadkot, other in the honor of Pirsher at Taluka Larkana, the 3rd at Mirokhan Taluka in the name of Hakim shah Pat Waro, and 4th fair is organized at Kambar Taluka in the memory of Mian Shahal Muhammad Kalhoro.
Locals of Larkana refer to it as "Larkano" in Sindhi. In Larkana, the Sindhi-speaking population outweighs those who speak Punjabi, Urdu, Pashto, Baluchi, Brohi, and Seraiki. Although Muslims make up the majority of the population in this city (90 percent or more), Hindus can be seen performing their rituals. In the city, Muslims and Hindus coexist peacefully.
Larkana residents wear the Shalwar Kameez, Pakistan's national dress, which is worn by women and men in all of the country's provinces. Ajrak and Sindhi topi are the distinctive dress styles of the people here. Men commonly wear an Ajrak around their neck and carry it on their shoulders. Sindhi culture is symbolized by ajrak. If one has the opportunity to visit the city, you will notice a variety of customs and traditions; for example, the masses of the city's rural parts, as well as a few sects from the city's urban areas, venerate pirs and murshids. People pay their respects to such pirs by performing numerous rituals and urs rites at their shrines.
In Larkana, there are several shrines, including the Bhutto family's shrine, Syed Qasim Shah Bokhari's shrine, and others. Festivals such as ajrak and Sindhi topi day, folk music festival, and others are held throughout the year to celebrate festivals and rituals. The major goal of such events is to promote Sindhi culture by performing Sindhi music. At weddings and festivities, the majority of men and women do the traditional jhoomar dance. Furthermore, traditional activities such as Kodi Kodi and shooting are quite popular in the Larkana area, and wrestling is generally an element of most of the festivities held here.