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Jhelum is a city on the right bank of the Jhelum River, which is located in the district of Jhelum in the north of Punjab province, Pakistan. It is the 44th largest city in Pakistan by population.
Jhelum is renowned as the 'city of soldiers' or 'land of martyrs and warriors' since it provided a huge number of soldiers to the British Army before independence and thereafter to the Pakistani armed forces. Jhelum is said to be formed from the terms Jal (clean water) and Ham (snow). The name, therefore, relates to the waters of a river that originates in the snow-capped Himalayas and flows alongside the City. However, there are a number of industries in and around Jhelum city, i.e. flour mills, tobacco, marble, glass, and wood factories.
Khewera Sale Mine is the world second largest salt mine located in central Punjab, district of Jehlum,
The Khewra Salt Mine (or Mayo Salt Mine) is in Khewra, north of Pind Dadan Khan, an administrative subdivision of Jhelum District, Punjab Region, Pakistan. The mine is in the Salt Range, Potohar plateau, which rises from the Indo-Gangetic Plain, and is the second-largest in the world.
The mine is famous for its production of pink Khewra salt, often marketed as Himalayan salt, and is a major tourist attraction, drawing up to 250,000 visitors a year. Its history dates back to its discovery by Alexander's troops in 320 BC, but it started trading in the Mughal era. The main tunnel at ground level was developed by Dr. H. Warth, a mining engineer, in 1872 during British rule. After independence, the BMR took possession until 1956, and then PIDC owned the mines till 1965.
Rohtas Fort is a 16th-century fortress located near the city of Jhelum in the Pakistani province of Punjab.
Rohtas Fort is a 16th-century fortress located near the city of Jhelum in the Pakistani province of Punjab. The fort is one of the largest and most formidable in the subcontinent. Rohtas Fort was never stormed by force, and has survived remarkably intact.
The fortress was built by Raja Todar Mal on the orders of Sher Shah Suri, partly to suppress the local Gakhar tribes of then Potohar region. Some Gakhar tribes were allies of the Mughal Empire, and refused to recognize the suzerainty of Sher Shah Suri.
The fort is known for its large defensive walls, and several monumental gateways. Rohtas Fort was inscribed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site in 1997 for being an "exceptional example of the Muslim military architecture of Central
Culture and Heritage
The Jhelum is between Lahore and Rawalpindi, two culturally significant cities. Both cities are diverse or mixed cultural because of their societal impact. People are straightforward, and the majority of them appreciate the allure of living in the countryside, near to nature. Rajput, Kyanis, and Jat are among the major castes in the Jhelum district.
Due to the lack of agricultural resources in the area, the majority of residents work in occupations other than farming. People in Jhelum are separated into two groups: city residents and cantonment residents. People who live in the cantonment are primarily army officers, but those who live in the city are either landlords or owners of showrooms, among other occupations.
Urdu is a widely spoken and understood language. However, Punjabi is spoken by the majority of the population, particularly in the city. The cantonment's residents speak and understand Urdu as their primary language. Jhelum's educated elite also understands and speaks English. People like to consume both traditional and continental cuisine. The cuisine spans from traditional 'Lahori chargha' to continental Chinese, Italian, and other cuisines. 'Saag' and makai ki roti' are highly popular dishes. As Jhelum lies on the river bank, People like Jhelum prefer eating fish by the riverside.