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Thatta was the medieval capital of Sindh, and served as the seat of power for three successive dynasties. Thatta's historic significance has yielded several monuments in and around the city. Thatta's Makli Necropolis, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is site of one of the world's largest cemeteries and has numerous monumental tombs built between the 14th and 18th centuries designed in a syncretic funerary style characteristic of lower Sindh.
Thatta is famed for its necropolis, which encompasses 10 km2 (3.9 sq mi) atop Makli Hill and took on a quasi-sacred status under Jam Nizamu-d Din's reign. The location became inextricably tied to people's lives. Every year, hundreds of people come to this location to honor the saints who are buried there. Thatta is known as the "old City of Monarchs" because of the countless emperors and kings who controlled the area and are buried there. Thatta was the capital city of three dynasties. The first Samma Dynasty ruled from 1335 until 1520 AD.
Makli Necropolis is one of the largest funerary sites in the world
Makli Necropolis is one of the largest funerary sites in the world, spread over an area of 10 kilometres near the city of Thatta, in the Pakistani province of Sindh. The site houses approximately 500,000 to 1 million tombs built over the course of a 400 year period. Makli Necropolis features several large funerary monuments belonging to royalty, various Sufi saints, and esteemed scholars. The site was inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1981 as an "outstanding testament" to Sindhi civilization between the 14th and 18th centuries.
Culture and Heritage
Thatta has developed its own distinct culture as a result of its geographical isolation from the other provinces. It is a culturally diverse city with a wide range of art, poetry, music, and literature. It was historically significant, and it is now well-known for its archaeological sites and centuries-old monuments, which are popular tourist destinations. Thatta city purports to disclose Sindh's mysterious lineages of culture and heritage. Pakistan's Rome, according to legend. It is presumed as the Rome of Pakistan.
Thatta is home to some of the world's most remarkable architecture and historical relics, including Makli Hills, the world's largest necropolis, which covers an area of 10 square kilometers. The building at Makli appears to be becoming more visible, as well as a monument to an overlooked past. Makli Hill is regarded as unequivocal and magnificent architecture by the United Nations World Heritage Site, as evidenced by the Tombs there. However, The legendary Sussui and Punhon's folk love story is also well known in the city.
The Sindhis are the province's largest ethnic group, but other ethnic groups also have a substantial presence. Muslins make up the majority of the population, but Hindus, Christians, and other ethnic groups also live there. Thatta's residents are adept in a wide range of crafts and arts. Beautiful ceramics, variegated glazed tiles, lacquer work, hand-woven fabrics like Susi and ajrak, and a range of leather and straw products may all be found in the province. A number of folk festivals are held in Thatta as part of the culture. The mausoleum of Haji Ibrahim in the Shah Bunder taluka hosts an important fisher-folk festival every year. Bitharo, a local version of baseball, Gili Dakar (like to tipcat), and Tisi, a type of hopscotch, are all traditional sports. Hunting, horse riding, and falconry are among the elite's favorite pastimes.