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Chilas is a city and is the divisional capital of the Diamer District located in Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan, on the Indus River.
The Karakoram Highway and the N-90 National Highway connect Chilas to Islamabad and Peshawar in the southwest, via the Hazara and Malakand Divisions of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Chilas is connected to Kashgar and Tashkurgan in Xinjiang, China, through Gilgit, Aliabad, the Khunjerab Pass, and the Sust. Babusar Pass, a scenic walking region, the Karakoram Mountains, and Nanga Parbat Mountains, as well as Saif-ul-Muluk Lake, are all must-sees in Chilas. It is located on the Indus River's left bank. Chilas is also home to the magnificent fairy meadows and Nanga Parbat, the world's seventh-tallest mountain.
The government of Pakistan has conserved hundreds of Buddhist rock art and inscriptions, largely carved with sharp chisels by Buddhists, in Diamer District and other Gilgit Baltistan Districts. Chilas is a historic city that was once a part of the Silk Road, which linked Central Asia and South Asia. The region is mostly Sunni Muslim, and Shina is the primary language spoken here. Due to Pashtun settlers from adjacent Kyber Pakhtunkhwa Districts including Swat, Kaghan, Kohistan, and Dir, Pashto is the growing new language in the region. Urdu and English are also spoken in this area.
The Tangir/Darel and Chilas subdivisions are part of the Diamer district, which has a population of around 150,000 people. Muslim people make up the vast majority of the population. The Diamer district has a 10% literacy rate, with female literacy rates never exceeding 0.02 percent. In chillas, Sheen and Yashkun are the two main tribes. Gilgit Baltistan's numerous communities have coexisted in relative peace. Ethnic and tribal identities, as well as social relationships formed over centuries, were regarded as more valuable than sectarian attachments. In terms of hospitality, the Diamer people are very welcoming.
The shalwar kameez, a woolen robe with long or short sleeves, is worn by both men and women. The most distinctive winter attire in the region is the "Shuqa" (overcoat). Shuqa has remained unchanged and perfectly functional for centuries. Gilgit Baltistan's traditional shalwar is quite similar to Turkish salvar. It's a pair of baggy, long, loose-fitting trousers. The trousers are loose but narrow, and the ankles and shins are fitting.