Sahiwal formerly known as Montgomery, is a city in Punjab, Pakistan. It is the 21st largest city in Pakistan by population and the administrative capital of both the Sahiwal Division and the Sahiwal District. Sahiwal is approximately 100 km from Faisalabad, 180 km from the major city of Lahore, and lies between Multan and Lahore. The city lies in a densely populated region between the Ravi and Sutlej rivers.
Sahiwal is known for its water, buffalo milk, and the presence of one of the oldest civilizations based on archaeological evidence dating from 3000 to 5000 B.C. It is located 15 miles southwest of downtown in the Harappa neighborhood, which was the northern metropolis of the Indus Valley Civilization. Sahiwal is twinned with Rochdale, which is located in Greater Manchester, England. Approximately 8% of the town's population is Asian, with the majority of them having ties to Pakistan. The twinning agreement was reached in 1998 between Rochdale and Sahiwal.