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Attock is formerly known as Campbellpur is a city founded during the British era located in the north of Pakistan's Punjab Province, not far from the country's capital Islamabad. It is the headquarters of the Attock District and is the 61st largest city in Pakistan by population. The city was founded in 1908 several miles southeast of the older city of Attock Khurd, which had been established by the Mughal Emperor Akbar in the 16th century, and was initially named in honour of Sir Colin Campbell.
Attock has a long and illustrious history. The famed Attock Fort Complex was constructed in 1581 by Emperor Akbar the Great, Babar's grandson, who understood the strategic importance of the place. The fall of the Mughal Empire in the 18th century saw the rise of Durrani Afghans and Sikhs in Punjab to the West. Plateaus, hills, and dissected plains make up the majority of the district. The district is bordered on both sides by the Indus River. Following Haripur, the Haro River flows through the tehsil of Attock, passing through a flood plain with fertile land. The average annual rainfall in the area is 783 mm.
The majority of Attock's residents are middle-class. Both men and women work in fields all day to meet their basic needs. Katwa Gosht, Chana Pulao, Fish, Maki ki roti, Sarson ka Saag, Maki ki roti, Makhadi, Lassi, and Halwa are some of the most popular dishes. Almost everyone in Attock wears a shalwar kameez.
Punjabi is the district's primary and first language, spoken by 90% of the people. Other languages include Pashto, which is spoken by 5% of the population, and Urdu, which is spoken by 5% of the overall population. Soh is the Punjabi dialect of the Fateh Jang Tehsil in the east, and it is part of the Dhanni dialect group. Hindko includes the languages of Pindi Gheb Tehsil (known as Ghebi) and Attock (known as Chhachi). According to the Pakistani census of 1998, Islam is the most prevalent religion in the district, with 98 percent of the people practicing it, and Christians accounting for only 2% of the population.
The district has an agricultural area, and the people's income is mostly centered on agriculture. Peanuts, wheat, grains, millets, corn, and pulses are the main crops. Peanuts are farmed in great numbers and consumed as well as exported throughout the country. Peanuts are farmed in great numbers and exported as well as consumed throughout the nation. In Pakistan, Attock has the 16th highest literacy rate out of all the cities. In Attock, the majority of the population is educated, but the school system in rural regions is still expanding.